Basic grammar. Nouns. Pronouns. Adjectives. Verbs. Adverbs. Preposition. Subjets: who or what a clause, phrase, or sentence is about. Verbs: properties, classes and types of verbs. Modifiers: adjectives and adverbs. Objects. Words: background, suffix and prefix. Phrases. Clauses. Connectors. Sentences. Punctuation: commas, semicolons, colons, apostrophes, quotation marks, periods & other marks. Basic guide to the function of the elements of punctuation in simple, compound & complex sentences. Commas. Semicolons. Colons. Quotation marks. End punctuation.